Muscle Flap Procedures

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In addition to skin and fat tissue with vessels for blood supply, musculocutaneous flaps incorporate muscles in their design. Muscle removed from the donor site serves as a channel through which the blood vessels that nourish the soft tissue of the reconstruction travel. The tissue removed at the time of mastectomy may be replaced with the muscle flap which is the patient’s own warm, soft, living tissue to recreate a “natural” breast.

It is important to understand that the sacrifice of muscle and fascia (the strong outer covering layer of muscle) from the donor site in any of the muscle flap procedures are permanent. Muscle does not grow back and removal of important functional muscle can lead to weakness that may be permanent, increased risk of developing hernia or bulge, increased post-operative pain and longer recovery after surgery compared to the perforator flap procedures.

The principal musculocutaneous flaps are:

The TRAM flap is the most commonly used muscle flap for breast reconstruction and is considered to be less complex to perform than perforator flaps, and unsurprisingly, they are more widely offered.

All patients must understand and accept that no surgical procedure is absolutely free from risk. For further information concerning the risks and complications associated with Autologous Breast Reconstruction, please refer to Risks & Complications of Autologous Breast Reconstruction.

To find out more about our procedures and treatments, consultations and prices, please contact our London & Sheffield clinics on 020 7580 8001 or through our contact form.
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Breast EnlargementBreast UpliftBreast Uplift with ImplantsTuberous Breast CorrectionBreast Revision SurgeryRemoval of ImplantsChange of ImplantsMale Chest ReductionOther

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Lines & Wrinkle SmoothingDermal FillersLip enlargementVampire Skin RejuvenationChemical PeelsExcessive SweatingMole/cyst RemovalOther








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